KB073 – Alberta-i Adót-kapok

Szép jó reggelt kíván Kanada vadnyugati podkasztjának két hosztja: Lator és Lázadó! A hetvenharmadik epizódban a Kanadán kívül kevésbé ismert Carbon Tax-ról, a kanadai szénadóról beszélgettünk. Ezzel kapcsolatban a podkaszt-hallgatók elsőre talán nem is gondolnák, hogy mennyi hasonlóság fedezhető fel a kanadai és magyar belpolitikában.
Figyelem: szuper hosszú adás napló következik!

A podcast epizódok a YouTube-on is meghallgathatók!

  • Párhuzamokat találtunk:
    • 🇪🇺 Európai Unió vs. 🇭🇺 Magyarország – Brüsszel vs. Budapest
    • valamint:
    • 🇨🇦 Alberta vs. 🇨🇦 Ottawa – konzervatív párt vs. liberális párt
Justin Trudeau és Wab Kinew a 2024. Februári találkozójukon.
  • Wab Kinew – Manitoba tartomány miniszterelnöke
  • Környezetbarát technológiák: ez egy átmenet! Nem máról holnapra kell megváltozni! És már 10 éve erről beszélünk…
  • Canada is still backing the fossil fuel industry with billions, report finds
    • „The analysis, released today by the advocacy group Environmental Defence, estimated that Ottawa offered up at least $18.6 billion in support of the fossil fuel and petrochemical industries in 2023. Climate activists have for years been calling on Canada to scale back its support of the fossil fuel industry and instead prioritize cleaner, renewable forms of energy. Environmental Defence’s numbers are down only slightly from last year, when it calculated $20.2 billion in financial support (..)
    • The Parliamentary Budget Officer estimates the carbon capture, utilization and storage investment tax credit will cost $5.7 billion over five years.
    • The IMF found that Canada doled out $2 billion in explicit fossil fuel subsidies; it calculated that the implicit cost was another $36 billion.
Hamarosan bealkonyul az olaj- és gáziparnak!
fotó: Zbynek Burival / Unsplash
  • Net-zero emissions by 2050:
    • „Building on the actions in Canada’s strengthened climate plan (2020), and the Pan-Canadian Framework (2016), the 2030 Emissions Reduction Plan (2022) provides a roadmap to how Canada will meet its enhanced Paris Agreement target to reduce emissions by 40-45% from 2005 levels by 2030.”
    • „The Government of Canada published the country’s 2030 Emissions Reduction Plan in March 2022. The plan reflects input from provinces, territories, Indigenous Peoples, the Net-Zero Advisory Body, and interested Canadians on what is needed to reach Canada’s more ambitious climate target of 40-45% emissions reductions by 2030.”
illusztráció. Canada.ca
  • Alberta government has ‘deep concerns’ about federal housing announcement
    • “We are leading the country by having the fewest regulations and fastest permit approval times to enable housing construction and increase the supply of homes. That is why we reject the idea that the provinces and territories should not be involved in this decision, as we are best positioned to understand the local housing needs and concerns of our communities. If the federal government wants to actually remove red tape and make housing more affordable as they claim, they will instead listen to our calls to remove the carbon tax so that building costs are lowered, and shovels can get in the ground faster,”
  • Carbon pricing 101: What the increase could mean for you (#1)
    • „There are indirect costs of carbon pricing, as companies that pay the price themselves increase the cost of their goods and services to keep pace. The amounts vary by industry, but Statistics Canada estimated that carbon pricing increased the price of food by about 0.3% and the price of clothes by 2% since its inception. The effect of the latest increase has yet to be determined.”
  • How do your federal carbon tax costs compare to your rebates? This tool helps you calculate that – Use this app to figure out how much you’re paying and how much you’re getting back / by CBC.ca
a Carbon Tax & Rebate Calculator
forrás: CBC.ca
  • Corporate greed: „(..) when a company chooses to place significance on increasing profits in a way that harms employees, consumers and the environment. It occurs when making money becomes the only goal, and the other company’s social responsibility is ignored.”
  • Canada’s unions: Urgent action required to rein in corporate greed
    • Wealthy grocery CEOs must be held to account for Canadians’ skyrocketing grocery bills
  • Carbon pricing 101: What the increase could mean for you (#2)
    • „The fuel charge is added to the price of more than 20 different fuel sources that produce greenhouse gas emissions when burned for energy, including gasoline, propane, diesel and natural gas. The additional cost to each fuel depends on how many greenhouse gases are produced when that fuel is burned to make energy. A litre of diesel produces more carbon dioxide than a litre of gasoline, for example, so the carbon price is higher on a litre of diesel than it is on gasoline.
    • Gasoline: Going from $65 per tonne to $80, means the carbon price on a litre of gasoline will now be 17.6 cents per litre, up 3.3 cents per litre from before. That means filling a 50 litre tank from empty will cost about $8.80 in carbon price, about $1.65 more than before.
    • Diesel: As of today the price for a litre of diesel will include 21.39 cents in carbon price, up from 17.38 cents.
    • Natural gas: On average in Canada, households use about 2,280 cubic metres of natural gas in a year, mostly for heat. At $80 per tonne, the carbon price will add 15.3 cents to a cubic metre of natural gas, up from 12.4 cents previously. That amounts to an annual carbon price bill for natural gas of about $347 on average, compared with $282 over the last year.”
Füst, szmog, környezetszennyezés… ez ellen hatásos a Carbon Tax.
fotó: Chris LeBoutillier / Unsplash
  • What’s behind the carbon tax, and does it work
    • „Ottawa believes this is the best way to put a price on pollution.”
    • „Last month, the Liberals rebranded the quarterly payments households receive as the „Canada Carbon Rebate.” It was previously known as the „Climate Action Incentive Payment.””
    • „The carbon tax, also known as a price on carbon, came into effect at $20 per tonne in 2019. It has steadily climbed in the years since and is scheduled to rise from $65 per tonne to $80 on April 1.”increased with 23.07%.
    • 87-es oktánszámű „regular” benzin:
      • Március 30-án és előtte pár héten át: 1.50 CAD/L (vagy: 149.9 cent/L),
      • Április 1-én és az utána következő hetekben: 1.63 CAD/L (vagy: 162.9 cent/L).
    • „It is scheduled to go up another $15 each year until 2030, when it reaches $170 a tonne. The gradual increases are meant to act as a financial incentive for people and businesses to change their behaviour to burn less fossil fuels and transition to greener forms of energy.”
  • Albertans could face 2 gasoline tax hikes on the same day
    • „Ottawa’s carbon tax is set to climb from around 14 cents to more than 17 cents per litre of gasoline on April 1. And Alberta’s fuel tax is expected to be fully reinstated to 13 cents per litre of gasoline the same day as the new fiscal year begins.”
  • New Year’s return of Alberta gas tax limited to 9 cents per litre
    • „Finance Minister Nate Horner announced Albertans will pay only 9 cents of the 13-cent fuel tax for the first quarter of the new year. “The provincial oil price-based fuel tax relief program will be reinstated on Jan. 1, which means Albertans will continue to save money at the pumps,” Horner said in a statement.”
    • Az állampolgár az járjon jól!!
      • „At the average price of US$79.99 or less, Albertans pay the full 13 cents per litre.
      • Between US$80 and US$84.99, a 9 cent tax is added per litre of fuel.
      • Between US$85 and US$89.99, a 4.5 cent per litre tax is added.
      • And at US$90 barrels, fuel tax collection is paused.”
  • A villanyótó nem működik a hidögben… Vagy mégis.
  • The Paris Agreement (COP21) „is a legally binding international treaty on climate change. It was adopted by 196 Parties at the UN Climate Change Conference (COP21) in Paris, France, on 12 December 2015. It entered into force on 4 November 2016.”
    • Since 2020, countries have been submitting their national climate action plans, known as nationally determined contributions (NDCs). Each successive NDC is meant to reflect an increasingly higher degree of ambition compared to the previous version.”
  • NDP – New Democratic Party
  • Bloc Québécois – „Quebecer Bloc”
  • MP (Members of Parliament) pay to increase between $8,000 and $16,000 in 2024
    • „MPs give themselves pay raises each year on April 1, based on the average annual increase in union contracts with corporations that have more than 500 employees. After this year’s pay raise, backbench MPs will receive a $202,700 annual salary, according to CTF estimates. A minister will collect $299,300, while Trudeau will take home $405,400.
    • The average annual salary among all full-time workers is about $67,000, according to Statistics Canada.”
  • Election is Coming!
    The 45th Canadian federal election will take place on or before October 20, 2025.
  • Tim Houston, Új-Scotia tartomány miniszterelnöke,
    Nem Tim Houston, hanem Új-Fundland és Labrador tartomány miniszterelnöke, Andrew Furey szeretett volna egy sürgős találkozót összehívni.
    A tévedésért elnézést kérünk!
    • „In a letter to Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, Newfoundland and Labrador Premier Andrew Furey called for an emergency meeting of leaders throughout Canada, arguing the program is too costly for his province and doesn’t work as intended.”
  • Alberta: Atomerőmű vs. Fracking
  • Central Alberta citizens band together to fight huge new water licence for fracking
    • „Clearwater County residents are adamant they aren’t against the oil and gas industry, but they are deeply concerned about a plan to withdraw 1.8 billion litres of water from their local river — a tributary to the North Saskatchewan, the sole source of drinking water for the City of Edmonton.”
  • As severe Alberta drought looms, fracking consumes huge volumes of water — forever
  • Carbon pricing 101: What the increase could mean for you (#3)
    • „The rebates increase as the price increases, however this year many households in the Atlantic provinces won’t see an increase. That’s because almost ⅓ of households in those provinces use heating oil and since October have been exempted from paying the carbon price.
  • If Canada axed its carbon tax — and rebates — this is how different households would gain or lose (#1)
    • Trevor Tombe, economist, University of Calgary: “A clear majority of households do receive rebates that are larger than the carbon taxes they pay for. If we got rid of the carbon tax and the rebate, then this would harm a much larger fraction of lower- and middle-income households than it would higher-income households.”
    • „Rich folks tend to pay more on both fronts. “Naturally, their incomes are higher and so they purchase more energy, more goods and services across the board. And so they do have higher carbon tax costs, just as a function of higher levels of expenditure. A family of four living in a 4,000-square-foot home with three cars in the garage and an RV in the driveway gets the same rebate as a family of four in the same city living in a 500-square-foot apartment and relying on public transit.””
    • An animated chart showing the net monthly impact of the federal carbon tax and rebates, depending on household income:
grafikon: CBC.ca
  • Ha nincs víz, nincs olaj sem! 🤯
    • Alberta to launch ‘unprecedented’ water-sharing negotiations Thursday amid drought fear
      • „There is no law in place that would allow the province to force water licence holders to share their water. There are 25,000 water licence holders in Alberta, according to the province, which make up 9.5 billion cubic metres of water. Starting Feb. 1, Alberta Minister of Environment and Protected Areas Rebecca Schulz said negotiations would begin with major water licence holders to secure „significant and timely reductions in water use.”
      • „Irrigation — the supply of water to the agricultural sector via a network of canals — is a significant user of the province’s water, and negotiations with irrigation districts will be a key plank as a part of these upcoming negotiations. Alberta has the largest irrigated area in Canada, most of which is located within the province’s 11 irrigation districts in southern Alberta along the South Saskatchewan River Basin.”
    • No water, no oil: How the parched western provinces could hamper the oilpatch
      • „Persistent and severe drought conditions across Western Canada could have a devastating effect on the oil and natural gas sector, which has drilling operations in some of the driest areas, according to a new report by Deloitte.
      • Limited water supply could have significant effects on the production of oil and gas, the report warns, and the timing couldn’t be worse for the industry as many companies are wanting to increase production…
      • In B.C., the provincial energy regulator has warned snowpack levels were only 72 per cent of the historical average.
      • More than 100 fires are still burning in B.C. and Alberta after unusually dry conditions in both provinces. Last year, approximately 15 million hectares burned across the country, over seven times the historic national annual average.”
    • BC oil and gas producers warned of potential water shortages in drought-stricken areas
    • If Canada axed its carbon tax — and rebates — this is how different households would gain or lose (#2)
      • „Axe the tax” has been used as a slogan in countless political campaigns over the decades. It’s a simple message, often a popular one and, hey, it rhymes.
      • Axing the carbon tax would, presumably, also axe the rebates.
      • Parliamentary Budget Officer (PBO): On the Conservative Party’s „Axe The Tax” website, for example, it says the „Parliamentary Budget Officer report proves that the carbon tax will cost most households more than they ever get back.” These seemingly contradictory claims coming out of the same report have been a source of confusion. But Tombe says they’re not actually at odds; they’re simply referring to two different things.”

A témával kapcsolatos további cikkek, amelyek elolvasásra érdemesek:

nyitókép: Chris LeBoutillier / Unsplash
Thank you for the music: Musictown – Out on the Farm